The SPAD XIII was a French biplane, development of the SPAD S.VII, and it was one of the most capable fighters of the war and one of the most widely employed. The single-engine SPAD XIII was particularly noted for its robust construction and its ability to dive at high speed, features that made it one of the best dog-fighting airplanes of the war. This aircraft was flown especially by French squadrons, but also by British, Italian, Belgian, Russians, and American pilots that were part of American Expeditionary Force
SPAD XIII (Chavannes)
Sous Lieutenant Fernand Henri Chavannes was a World War I flying ace, credited with seven aerial victories, and a first class pursuit pilot.